Leningrad Oblast ("province") is a federal subject of the Russian Federation, located in the north-west of European Russia. It forms a part of the Northwestern Federal District and the Northwestern Economic Region of Russia.
The oblast has an area of 85 300 km2 that accounts for 0,5 percent of the total area of Russia.
It was established on 1 August 1927 as a result of the administrative and territorial reform. The oblast was historically preceded by Ingermandland Province which was created in 1708 and renamed later Saint-Petersburg, (Petrograd, Leningrad) Province.
The most ancient population inhabited the land corresponding to the territories of present-day Leningrad Oblast after the retreat of glaciers in the ninth—eighth milleniums BC. By the middle of the first millenium AC, settled Finno-Ugric tribes already lived here, they were engaged in farming, cattle-breeding, hunting and fishing. Slavs have populated this territory since the eighth century.
The city of Ladoga (from the eighteenth century Staraya Ladoga), one of the earliest Russian settlements, was founded in the 750s. During the ninth—tenth centuries Ladoga was the most important political and economical center for forming of State system of Old Russia. It lost importance only at the close of the tenth century, and gave place to Novgorod.
In the twelfth century, Novgorod gained political independence, and territories along the Gulf of Finland, the Lake Ladoga, the Luga, Neva and Volkhov rivers became parts of Novgorod Lands. During the thirteenth-fourteenth centuries, these lands were the scene of the fight against an enemy invasion of Livonian Knights and Swedish feudal lords. In 1240, the confluence of the Neva and Izhora rivers was the site of the celebrated Battle of the Neva, when Russian army under the command of Alexander (Nevsky), Prince of Novgorod, defeated Swedish invaders. During the thirteenth-fourteenth centuries, the people of Novgorod built the fortresses of Jama, Koporye, Oreshek ("Nutlet"), Korela, Tiversk to protect Russia against attack from the northwest.
During some of the most trying times in the country's history at the turn of the seventeenth century known as the Time of Troubles, Sweden captured Northwest Russia and barred the country's way to the Baltic Sea. In the early 1700s, after the victory of Russians under Peter the Great over Swedish army in the Great Northern War, the territory of the oblast was reconquered by Russia. Saint Petersburg, the new capital of the country, was founded here in 1703.
In 2007, an exibition, organised in celebration for eighty years of the establishment of Leningrad Oblast, took place at the Smolny Cathedral in Saint Petersburg. Its cartographic part is available online now. On display are maps of this historical region of Russia dating back to the sixteenth century. The maps represent many place names and make it possible to trace the centuries-old history of the development of the area.
List of Map Titles, Presented to the View:
- Ê 0-Mocê E 2/13
Russiae, Moscoviae et Nartariae descriptio Auñtore Antonio Jenkensono Anglo?
Edita Londini Anno 1562 et dedicate illustris D.Henrico Sydneo Walliae praesidi. [ London, 1562]
- Ê 0- ÌîñêÅ2/19
Rvssia cum confinijs. Per Gerardum Mercatorem. [Duysburg, 1595]
- Ê 0-Åâð 2/48
Evropa. J.Hondius inuentor. I le Clerc excudit. [Amsterdam], 1602
- Ê 0-ÌîñêÅ 2/26
Tabula Rvssiae ex autographo… H.Hesselo. Amsterdam, 1614
- Ê 0-Ñê 2/23
Nova tabula Magni Ducatus Finlanmdiae in Provincias Divisa…Per F. de Witt. [Amsterdam, 1680-1690]
- Ê 0 - ÌîñêÅ 2/48
Imperii Russici sive Moscoviae Status Generalis, in ejus Regna Ducatus,
Provincias, Populosque Subjacentes Divius… Per F. de Witt. [Amsterdam,1687-1692]
- Ê 1-Çàï 2/62
Geographical Drawing of Ingermanland with its Towns, Districts and their Subdivisions - Pogosty, Churches, Chapels, Homesteads and Villages, and well as with all Lakes, Rivers and Streams, Bakeries and Saw-mills, Mills and Fisheries and Anchorages etc. Engraved by Adriaen Schoonebeck. Ìoscow, St.-Petersburg: the Moscow State Armoury, the travelling engraving workshop, 1705]
- Ê 1-Ðîññ 8/ 4
Map of Russian-Swedish Borders by the Perpetual Peace Terms of 1722 AD. Engraved by Pieter Pickaerdt. [Saint Petersburg: Saint Petersburg printing house, 1724]
- Ê 1-Ðîññ 8/ 4
New and Authentic Map of the Entire Ingermanland Containing Towns and Fortresses, Suburbs, Factories, Estates, Villages, Mills, Rivers, Lakes and Part of the Gulf of Finland and Lake Ladoga as well as the Ladoga and others Canals and Major Roads etc...Ivan Kirilov. Engraved by Alexei Rostovtsev. [Saint Petersburg: Synodal printing house], 1727
- Ê 1-Çàï 2/32
Lake Ladoga and the Finish Gulf with the Surrounding Area. Lacus Ladoga et sinus Finnicus cum interiacentibus et adiacentibus Regionibus. J. Grimel del. [The cartouche was engraved by J.E. Grimmel. St.-Petersburg: The Geographical Department of the Academy of Sciences, 1741-1742]
- Ê 1-Çàï 2/25
Map of the Neva Riva from Lake Ladoga to Saint Petersburg. Fluvius Newa e Lacu Ladoga Petropolin versus procurrens. J.Grimel del. [The cartouche was engraved by J.E. Grimmel. St.-Petersburg: The Geographical Department of the Academy of Sciences, before 1742].
- Ê 1-Çàï 2/38
Map of Ingermanland and Karelia Printed at the Imperial Academy of Sciences. Z. Grimel del. [The cartouche was engraved by J.E. Grimmel]. St.-Petersburg: [The Geographical Department of the Academy of Sciences, about 1742]
- Ê 1-Çàï 2/67
Ingermanlandiae seu Ingriae nivissima Tabula luci tradita Per Homannianos Heredes Norib. A. MDCCXXXIV. [Nuremberg], 1734.
- Ê 1-Çàï 2/63
Flow of the Neva River from Lake Ladoga to Saint Petersburg. Fluvius Newa e Lacu Ladoga Petropolin versus procurrens recens delineatus jam vero ad exemplar Petropolitanum aeri incissus a Matthaeus Seutter, Sac. Caes. Maj. Geogr. Aug.Vind. Cum Priv. Sumi. Vicariat. in part. Rheni, Franc. et Suev. jur. [Augsburg, 1740-1750s]
- Ê 1-Çàï 2/48
Ladoga Canal. Canalis Ladogenis nova Delineatio secundum exemplar Petropolitanum aeri incidit Matthaeus Seutter, Sac. Caes. Maj. Georg. Aug.V. Cum Priv.Sumi Vicariat in part Rheni, Franc. et Seuv. juris. [Augsburg, 1740-1750-å]
- Ê 1-Çàï 2/49
Lake Ladoga and the Finish Gulf with the Surrounding Area. Consspectus recens et accuratus magnae partis Lacus Ladogae et Sinus Finnici cum interjacentibus ad exemplar Petropolitanum in aes incidit Matthaeus Seutter, S.C.M.G. Aug.V.Cum Priv.Sumi Vicariat. in part Rhen:Suev:et Franc:Juris. Augsburg, [1740-1750s]
- Ê 1-Çàï 2/72
Nova et accurata delineatio Ingriae et Careliae cum magnna parte Sinus Finnici et hacus Ladogae, mec non Inssularum adjacentium Aeri incidit et excudit Matthaceus Seutter, S. Caes. Maj. Geogr. Aug. Vind. Cum Gratia et Privilegio S.R.Vicariatus in partileg Rheni, Franconici et Sveviae Juris. Matteus Seutter. [Augsburg, 1740-1750s]
- Ê 1-Ðîññ 8/38
Locations of Places between the Town of Arkhangelsk, Saint Petersburg and Vologda. [Saint Petersburg: the Geographical Department of the Academy of Sciences, 1745]
- Ê 1-Çàï 2/56
Map of Saint Petersburg Province Comprising Ingermanland, Part of Novgorod and Vyborg Provinces. Compiled by Ja.F. Schmidt in 1770. Engraved by S.Sklunov. [St. Petersburg: The Geographical Department of the Academy of Sciences], 1770
- Ê 1-Çàï 2/57
Map of St. Petersburg Province. Compiled by Àlexander Vil'brekht. Engraved by Alexei Savinkov. [Engraver of the cartouche is] G. Kharitonov. .
- Ê 1-Çàï 2/22 á
Map of Environs of Saint Petersburg. Compiled by À.Vil'brekht. Engraved by G.Kharitonov and A.Savinkov. [Saint Petersburg: The Geographic Department of the Cabinet of Her Imperial Majesty, the Mining Academy's engineering school, 1796-1800]
- Ê 2-Çàï 1/21
General Map of Saint Petersburg Province Showing Postal Roads and Large Highways, Stations and Distances between them in Versts (verst = 3500 ft.). Compiled on the Basis of Recent and Reliable Data at Saint Petesburg in 1829.= Carte Generale du Gouvernement de St. Petersbourg avec l'indication des chemins praticables, des tations et des distances entre elles en werstes. Composee d'apres les plus nowoceaux et authentiques renseignemens a St. Petersbourg en 1829. Compiled and Engraved by Piadyshev. Text is Engraved by M.Ivanov. Saint Petersburg, 1829
- Ê 2-Çàï 6/45
Topographical Map of St. Petersburg Province. Compiled at the Scale of 1:210,000 on the Basis of Major-General Fedor Schubert' Survey and Engraved at the Military Topographic Depot. Engraved by Several Persons. [Saint Petersburg], 1834
- Ê 2-Çàï 2/89
[Ethnographical Map of St. Petersburg Province Compiled by Petr Keppen.] Ethnographische karte des St. Petersburgischen Gouvernements, angefertigt und erläutert vom Akademker, Dr P. v. Koeppen. Herasgegeben. von der Akademie der Wissenschaften zu St. Petersburg, 1849
- Ê 3-Çàï 2/139
Map of the Industry of Saint Petersburg Province 1853. Copiled by N. Overchenko. Saint Petersburg, A.Transchel's Lithographic Press, 
- Ê 3-Çàï 2/66
Geognostic Map Saint Petersburg Province. Compiled in 1866 and 1867 by I. Bok. [S.l., [1867?]
- Ê 3-Ïá 1/235
Map of the Territory now Occupied by Saint Petersburg, Made in 1698. Architect E.V.Schwartz. [Saint Petersburg: À. Ilyin's Cartographic Establishment, 1872]
- Ê 3-Çàï 2/173
Ethnographical Map of St. Petersburg Province. [Sl], [the second half of the 19th c.?]
- Ê 3-Çàï 2/192
Map of St. Petersburg Province. St. Petersburg, A. Ilyin's Cartographic Establishment, [1897-1906?]
- Ê 3-ÐîññÅ 8/249
Pictorial Map of European Russia. Compiled by M. Tomasik. Supplemented and Published by Teachers' Society under the Editorship of V. Urusov. Warsaw, Samuel Orgelbrand's Joint-stock Company, 1903
- Ê 3-Çàï 4/117
Map of Petrograd Province. Compiled by the Evaluation Department of the Petrograd Provincial Government Council. Petrograd: Petrograd Provincial Council (Zemstvo), A. Ilyin's Cartographic Establishment, 1916
- Ê 4-Ñåâ 8/274
Naselenie. Vaesto. Population. Leaves 1-2. The Population Density of Leningrad Oblast. Compiled by the Geographic Economic Research Institution under the editorship of the Leningrad Oblastal Planning Committee. [Leningrad: the Geographic Economic Research Institution, 1934]
- Ê 4-Ñåâ 8/274
Promyshlennost'. Teollisuus. Industry. Leaf 2. The Sectoral Structure of the Industry of Leningrad Oblast in 1932. Compiled by the Geographic Economic Research Institution under the editorship of the Leningrad Oblastal Planning Committee. [Leningrad: the Geographic Economic Research Institution, 1934]
- Ê 4-Ñåâ 8/274
Energetika. Energeetiikka. Energetic. Leaf 3. The Electrification of Leningrad Oblast. Compiled by the Geographic Economic Research Institution under the editorship of the Leningrad Oblastal Planning Committee. [Leningrad: the Geographic Economic Research Institution, 1934]
- Ê 4-Ñåâ 8/274
Lesa. Metsat. Forests. Leaves 1-2. Forests and Forestry of Leningrad Oblast. Compiled by the Institute of Forestry Studies of the USSR Academy of Sciences under the editorship of the Leningrad Oblastal Planning Committee and the Geographic Economic Research Institution